This is a kind of base, the preparation of a person on the way to self-development.
"Hatha" in Sanskrit means "intensity", "effort", and yoga means "unity", "union", "fusion". This term is also considered as a word consisting of two syllables — ha tha, where ha means mind and mental energy, and the syllable tha means pranic energy, the power of life.
Classical Hatha yoga is based on performing static asanas in combination with breathing and high concentration of attention. No wonder yoga hatha is named after two Indian names “sun” and “moon". It balances both the solar and lunar energy of the subtle human body, helps to find a balance without kinks and overweights in any direction.
Solar energy is the energy of action, cheerfulness and activity, the Moon is calm, tenderness and creativity. When a person strives to maintain balance in everything, his life becomes a real fairy tale, and yoga is one of the tools to achieve this.
The Upanishads claim that through Hatha yoga, one can overcome the doshas (limitations) accumulated in the body and, after purification, establish oneself in the higher Self, which is chaitanya, or divinity. This is not an experience, but an absolute fusion.
When, thanks to self-discipline, sense control, celibacy, moderation in sleep and eating, pranas begin to accumulate, the yogi acquires an excess of energy that gives him the willpower to follow the path of Liberation.
In the middle of the 20th century, on the basis of studies of brain physiology and ancient yogic practices, Satyananda developed a system of yoga nidra. This technique is associated with the sequential study of parts of our body in the motor cortex and the sensory region of the brain, which causes a deep meditative state. This practice is called sleep yoga, or yogic sleep.
Yoga nidra gives you the opportunity to open access to the subconscious in a state of deep relaxation. With regular implementation of this technique, you can solve everyday tasks more creatively, assimilate new knowledge more effectively, and most importantly, get rid of the burden of accumulated tension and prevent various psychosomatic disorders.
During the day, the resources of the mind are spent on processing information that comes through the organs of sensory perception, and accompanying cognitive processes. On the verge of sleep and wakefulness, the brain is in a state of inhibition: the wave activity of the cerebral cortex is significantly reduced, while its susceptibility remains very high. The brain stops responding to external stimuli, while not falling into sleep, in this state there is spontaneous contact with the sphere of the subconscious: a person gently plunges into the bowels of his psyche. As the founder of the method, Swami Satyananda, writes: "If consciousness is separated from both external perception and sleep, it is filled with power that can be used for various purposes: strengthening memory, accumulating knowledge, increasing creativity, transforming the whole personality."
It is important to understand that yoga nidra is not meditation and not sleep, it is a very special technique of conscious psychophysical relaxation, which is based on 2 conditions:
• waking consciousness;
• full involvement of consciousness in the process of gradual relaxation.
If these conditions are met, correctly voiced information is absorbed many times faster than in the normal state of consciousness.
Performing exercises of pair yoga, partners (preferably of the same weight) help each other to keep balance, do bends, deflections and stretches, serve each other as a support, support or, conversely, a "weighting". Working in a couple, they get the opportunity to facilitate exercises, perform previously inaccessible asanas or deepen them.
Pair yoga can be practiced with a girlfriend or a friend, with your child or even with an unfamiliar partner — depending on this, the psychological effect of the lesson will vary. In classes, a deeper study of the body takes place in a couple or group, you learn to trust, help, work in a team. In the classroom, the teacher divides the participants into 2 or more people and shows the exercises to be performed. The exercises are complemented by meditation on the development of communication skills.
In addition to physical (the acquisition of stretching and flexibility), and physiological (mutual massage, directly and indirectly affects the condition of internal organs), pair yoga has a powerful psychological effect. Pair yoga classes teach you to trust your partner and people in general. In the West, pair yoga is often called Trust yoga.
Having given the weight of his body to his partner, the practitioner, perhaps for the first time since he learned to walk, lets go of constant control over how firmly he stands on the ground. Feeling supported, he gets the opportunity to relax and "open up", being ready to provide the same help to another.
In the process of performing exercises, unconscious fears and complexes are revealed. Relaxing, we release a huge amount of internal energy that was spent on the constant maintenance of "protection from the outside world", supposedly full of dangers. Having seen the world to others, feeling careful in relation to ourselves, and showing the same to others, we eliminate internal blocks, relieve excessive tension in different parts of the body, coming to harmony and health.
As you master the exercises, pair yoga can develop into an improvisational dance of partners, turning into an excellent means of self-expression.
It is also a comprehensive spiritual path that includes meditation practices and a proper life. The benefits of kriya yoga are hard to underestimate:
the work of the nervous system is stabilized, the reaction to any stress becomes not so painful;
brain function improves, thoughts become clear and clear, the mood rises;
there is confidence in yourself and your abilities.
The set of exercises is aimed at the renewal of the whole body. In the process of classes, there is an update at the cellular level, the amount of vital energy increases significantly. It is believed that krio in yoga liberates from negative karma and helps to open all the chakras.
The practice of kriya yoga includes:
Practical Advaita Siddhas (A complex consisting of 9 kriyas).
Unique breathing practices.
Focus on the technique itself, but exclude him (the one who does).
Tapas is asceticism.
Svadhyaya is self-knowledge.
Ishvara Pranidhana - humility before the Divine Will.
The goal is to transform life into a continuous state of joy, bliss and wisdom. Transformation of Tamas and rajas into sattvic nature.
Kriya complex cleanses from mucus and sputum.
The peculiarity of kriya yoga is that we do not specifically give birth to concentration, it occurs due to the spontaneous execution of kriya and is born naturally during the execution of the action.
There are 20 kriyas (Swami Satyananda Saraswati).
The first 9 krana pratyahara (separation of consciousness from external objects and translation into internal ones).
The rest are on dharana,
The last 20 on dhyana.
Describes the relationship between a devotee called a "bhakta" and an Ishta-devata (chosen deity) in various forms. In Hinduism, the practice of bhakti or "bhakti yoga" allows you to find unity with God and thereby liberate the soul from the cycles of birth and death. Bhakti can be defined as a discipline that eliminates the egoism of "I" and the limitations of "mine". In the Indian tradition, the bhaktas are spoken of as those who are inseparable from God (avibhakta). The feelings of a bhakta are directed to God always and under any circumstances or actions. Bhakti does not involve acquiring or profiting from the love of God. Thus, bhakti is defined as the love of God, not burdened with desires.
The practice of Bhakti Yoga includes:
1. Learning mantras
2. Working with rosaries
3. Concentration on the Ishta-devata (chosen deity)
4. The establishment of the altar
5. Establishing a connection with the deity through pujas and meditations
6. Reading St. The Scriptures
Warm-up and asanas in water give the body a huge positive impact.
1. The work of all systems is being adjusted.
2. The muscles of the back, chest, arms and legs are strengthened.
3. The cardiovascular system is strengthened.
4. The volume of the lungs increases.
5. Muscle spasms are removed, their stretching improves.
6. Weight decreases.
All these consequences of Aquayoga are achieved without excessive exhausting fatigue, characteristic of classes on a hard surface.
This is filling the body with health, energy and beauty.
A set of soft exercises that perform the same functions as on dry land, but with virtually no load on the joints, which means it is safer. Yoga exercises in water do not look at all as on land. Their task is not to observe the form of the asana, but to perform its function — stretching and strengthening muscles, massage of internal organs and breathing exercises. For simultaneous work with body and breathing, dynamic asanas are used in Aqua Yoga.
Aqua yoga helps to lose weight, strengthen the muscles of the whole body, without putting a load on the spine and joints. Proper and even breathing during yoga classes in water helps to improve the functioning of all internal organs and systems. Contact with water includes natural relaxation mechanisms in the body. On land, it takes time and a variety of exercises to do this. In the water, relaxation comes by itself. 10 minutes in Shavasana in water are incomparable in impact with the same time of Shavasana on drier. Due to its calming effect, Aqua Yoga relieves stress, improves digestion, restores sleep.
In a deep sense, meditation is a tool of spiritual teachings that helps to purify consciousness and learn how to control it. This allows you to achieve an inner state of peace of mind and body with full awareness and mindfulness. There are different meditative practices. Some are aimed at relaxation and non-evaluative observation of the present moment of being. Others have a specific object in the form of thoughts and sensations and are often combined with visualization. The purpose of such meditations is to control not only consciousness, but also our inner energy.
There are meditations of the highest order that include focusing on space, silence, emptiness and thoughtlessness.
In Sanskrit, the word "sri" means wealth, abundance, beauty, harmony.
The word "yantra" has at least two meanings and comes from the root yam, meaning "to support, to hold". The word "hold" also means to "contain, preserve" the essence of an object, thought and concept. The syllable tra comes from the word trap: "liberation from bondage." Thus, yantra is something that preserves the essence and liberates. In a broader sense, the word yantra means "instrument" in Sanskrit. If we talk about the symbolic meaning of the word YANTRA, then yam (yan) Yama is the God of death, and tra means the achievement of the throne, or freedom, yantra is understood as what brings moksha - liberation from the embrace of death (the cycle of death and rebirth).
What does the word "Pranayama" mean? This word consists of two parts — "prana" and "ayama", which can be translated as "length, stretching, delay and control".
Prana is intelligent energy. Since Prana has an individual karmic memory, it acts in its own unique way in each person.
Anyone who can establish control over his Prana can be 100% sure of his unshakable psychological balance.
Thus, this is a subtle process by which you can gain control over your internal energies. These processes are taught in all their depth, because the transformation of internal energies is extremely important for the stabilization of the body and mind.
One of the concentration practices is trataka.Trataka is shatkarma, or one of the six main cleansing practices of yoga. Basically, it consists of concentrating your gaze and attention on a certain point, or a mandala, or a candle flame. Trataka relieves tension from the eyes, helps to cleanse them and removes fatigue. Also, it develops the ability to concentrate, calms the mind and helps to relax well. Therefore, it is better to perform it in the evening. The word trataka in Hindi means: Tra "liberate" and Taka "gaze". Based on the name, it can be understood that concentration consists in contemplating the flame of a candle, between the eyebrows, the tip of the nose, etc., simultaneously cleansing the mind of anxiety, obsessive thoughts, fear and phobias.
Regular practice also has a positive effect on cognitive abilities. People who regularly pay attention to concentration, better assimilate new information, well control negative emotions.
Other benefits of regular practice:
- gaining full control over thoughts, emotions;
- the opportunity to get rid of poor eyesight, some eye diseases;
- getting rid of fatigue, tension;
- the disappearance of migraines, headaches associated with eye strain;
- prevention of myopia and astigmatism;
- filling the soul and body with warmth;
- preparation for going beyond the boundaries of the physical body;
- positive changes in personal, mental and spiritual qualities;
- improvement of memory, concentration.
PUJA TO GODDESS LAKSHMI
Puja is a multi–stage ceremony, a ritual by which reverence, devotion and certain pleas are expressed to the gods.
Puja is a rite that awakens bhakti (devotion and love).
From Sanskrit, the word translates as worship, prayer. This is a replacement for the early rites of sacrifice. There are home pujas, and there are collective ones. During religious holidays, a special puja is performed.